Thursday, December 26, 2019
Imagine the mixed emotions a student has during his or her first year of college. There is also an unspoken pressure that comes with the accomplishment. One cannot forget the financial troubles that a person is going to put themselves in the hopes of being able to attain a steady career. There are many challenges placed upon college students; college alone in its self is a challenge. Also, a family who is not well endowed does not have the luxury to be able to afford the high cost of college. The majority of the time, first generation college students come from families who financially cannot afford to send them off to college. The financial burdens placed upon most families and the unwelcomed pressure and stress really affect most collegeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It is not enough to simply say how important it is but also build the proper habits and skills to be successful. First generation students have to break through a barrier in order of lacking knowledge and somehow obtai n it. Since most first generation college students only have a general idea of college; a solution can be obtaining any type of knowledge regarding college from people who attend and people who have attended. The advice can vary, from asking about deadlines, enrollment, financial aid, loans, tuition, time management, responsibilities etc. Generally speaking, the majority of college students deal with similar issues. This is very crucial because not only can college students emphasize with you but also can offer their help. The goal is being prepared as much as possible and not dive head first. There is some unwelcomed pressure first generation college students deal with. What may seem like words of encouragement from family and friends can ultimately be added pressure. Vis Versa, a person can fill a personÃ¢â¬â¢s head with negative thoughts and cause philological complications. Pressure stems from many different sources. Depending on the person determines how much an individual c an handle. Most first-generation students feel the constant pressure of feeling like they need to graduate as soon as possible because the bad a bad situation they may beShow MoreRelatedIs The Cost Of College Too High?1666 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIs the Cost of College too high? College can further education, but it can lead students in the direction of debt in the future. College is not for everyone, but a majority of people choose to further their education. Education is not cheap, but should that change a students decision? Students should be concerned about the price of college and think about the long term pros and cons. College leaves many students in debt after they graduate. Being in debt can affect peoples lives dramatically, butRead MoreThe High Cost of College Tuition540 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesCollege Tuition The cost of college education in the 21st century is absolutely ridiculous. although colleges have to make money to support things like sports, it is making it so more and more kids arent going to college, and the kids who do go are coming out with huge amounts of debt. People who go to college arent coming out with the job that they think they deserve, which is leading to lower income, and a harder time paying off their college debt. The first part of this paper is going toRead MoreHigh Cost of College Textbooks Essay936 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe High Cost of College Textbooks Thomas Jefferson said that Ã¢â¬Å" Books Constitute Capital !Ã¢â¬ , and by that saying from over one hundred years ago it still stands today. The high cost of college textbooks is not only an issue here at Delgado Community College, but with almost every college student across the nation. Rather new or used textbooks are overpriced, but students can save money by buying digital textbooks. One of the main reasons why college textbooks are so expensive is because they areRead MoreThe Cost Of College Is Too High For Every Student1342 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesToday, degrees are reflecting strongly on peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. The cost of college has become too high for every student or parent to afford, which makes it impossible for everyone to obtain a degree. College level has become too tough and beyond studentÃ¢â¬â¢s reach and abilities, not anyone who obtaining a degree can get through other majors, such as physics or math, degrees donÃ¢â¬â¢t evaluate your skills neither your efforts. For the most important, jobs in our market have been evaluating their applicantsÃ¢â¬â¢Read MoreWhat Are The Effects Of High College Tuition Costs On The1466 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhat are the effects of high college tuition costs on the economy? The fundamental aim of obtaining a higher education in this country has been to prepare and educate young Americans to accept and consider productive and proactive roles in the workforce, to strengthen our communities and nation as a whole, to contribute to our domestic and international economic competitiveness and to enrich our lives to the very fullest. As part of the perception of the American dream of Ã¢â¬Å"opportunity for allRead More College Fraternities and Sororities - The High Cost of Social Acceptance1759 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesCollege Fraternities and Sororities - The High Cost of Social Acceptance College students who choose to join fraternities or sororities do so because of their need for social acceptance. I am personally against fraternities and sororities. I feel that it is money spent for the purpose of Ã¢â¬Å"buyingÃ¢â¬ friends. There are many ways to meet interesting people other than devoting all of your time and money to a club in order to do so. Perhaps the people who join these groups have low self-esteemRead MoreWith Tuition Costs at an all Time High, Is College Really Worth It?872 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestheir children to go to college and become a professional. But in this new age economic crisis, is college really worth it? Tuition costs are rising to a criminally high price have everyone arguing. Is college really a good investment? Well in a very short way, Yes it is. An investment that makes you 500,000 to a million dollar lifetime payout is uncomparable. In the end, today an average college graduate will make far more over the course of his or he r life than the average high-school graduate whoRead MoreCost Of Higher Learning At College1491 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCost of Higher Learning In order to have a better life and a better job today, a high school degree is usually not enough. Many people dream about having a college degree, but the costs of education being too high, could turn those dreams into a nightmare. It is no secret that a college education is expensive, and in the past few years, it has hit an all-time high with no signs of slowing down. The average college tuition cost in America universities and colleges continues to rise yearly. Many studentsRead MoreCollege Costs Are Out Of Control Essay1461 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages People with college degrees are paid 80% more than people with only a high school education. When the college degree is from a more prestigious school, that percentage increases even further (McArdle). Even President Barack Obama acknowledged this in a 2012 speech, saying that Ã¢â¬Å"The incomes of folks with a college degree are twice as high as those who dont have a high-school diplomaÃ¢â¬ (Lemann). While a college education is a good investment for the long run, the cost of college is not a positiveRead MoreGraduation Speech : Education Is Priceless909 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof a college education in order to have a successful life. Coming from a Filipino household, education was always a top priority. Both of my parents grew up in rural areas of the Philippines and had under privileged lives. Unfortunately, they did not have the chance to attend college, as well as high school. When my parents decided to have me, they wanted me to have the life they wish they had as children. That is why they pushed me to learn as much as I can in school and to go to college. We are
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
Way of the Dragon: Bruce Lee Way of The Dragon: Bruce Lee Ashish Rajthala Truman State University JINS 355: Creativity in Arts and Science Prof. Wendy Sue Miner 24th October 2017 Preview Bruce Lee was an American and Hong Kong-based actor, film director, philosopher, poet and martial artist. More importantly, he was the inventor of Jeet Kune Do a improvised martial arts technique and a ambitious person. Bruce Lee started learning Wing Chun with his master Yip Man at age of only 13. And by the age of 18 he had already played in 20 movies. Later in the United states of America, Lee introduced Martial arts in 1960s when the terms like karate and taekwondo was not even a familiar terms. Lee wasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Bruce Lee at the the age of 18, Bruce was a superstar and had already acted in around 20 movies. BruceÃ¢â¬â¢s family might be the reason for his early success, but his fame wouldnt possible without LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s dedication and enthusiasm. He always justified the role he played and portrayed his own acting style in those movies. Comment by Ashish Rajthala: repeatation of according Comment by Ashish Rajthala: visited (maybe) Comment by Ashish Rajthal a: add comma Comment by Ashish Rajthala: At the age of 18 Growing up as a child superstar in Hong Kong was not easy for in 1950s. Bruce used to be bullied and hated by other kids all the time. Lee got short tempered with all the bullying and as he grew older started getting into fights. Since, he was fighting a lot, LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s parents decided to enroll him to martial arts School. At age of 16, Lee began his Wing Chun training with master Yip Man, however he had already learned the basic fundamentals of Wu-style tai chi with his father. Yim Man was a great teacher and renowned fighter of his time. He discouraged Wing Chun in street fights and believed Wing Chun to be only a household art. Furthermore, Yip Man man was a perfectionist and strict teacher who couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t stand slow students . After training for a year with Yip Man, LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s fellow students knew about his mixed ancestry and stopped training or sparring with him. He had to train while facing racism. At the time,Chinese people were generallyShow MoreRelatedHow Chinese Cin ema Has Reflected And Shaped The Idea Of Nation2724 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesnational identity amongst Chinese. This essay will mainly focus on how Chinese cinema has reflected and shaped the idea of nation. Apart from that, the history of Chinese cinema, other famous traits such as Beijing opera and martial arts are also debated in how it reflects nation. Additionally, I will examine how the framing and characterization of Lee, and in specific in his role as Chen Zhen in the film Ã¢â¬ËFist of FuryÃ¢â¬â¢ compresses within the masculine body of Bruce Lee the character of Chinese nationalismRead MoreThe Golden Woman: An Analysis Of Gender Politics In Hong1675 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesvalues under an eastern patriarchy. From Chia Chuen-ChuenÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to give up her dream for a baby, to Chia Tsui-TsuiÃ¢â¬â¢s failed hope of being the kept wife to a rich husband, all the way to Chia Ting-TingÃ¢â¬â¢s entire career eventually centering around a man, Hong Kong Nocturne situates t he issues of The Golden Woman in a way that still positions her as the submissive subject of the eastern patriarchy. I argue that the Hong Kong Nocturne, for all its progress in Pan-Asian gendered issues, still succumbsRead MoreTv Autobiography1985 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pageswatch everything he watched Ã¢â¬â it all started from me, being the little sister, wanting to be more and more like him. Therefore I watched a wide variety of fighting movies on TV including Van Damme films and the Bruce Lee movie. I shifted from watching Ã¢â¬ËMy Little PonyÃ¢â¬â¢ to Ã¢â¬ËPower RangersÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËDragon BallÃ¢â¬â¢; I basically began to watch boy aimed TV. I think, up until today, this attitude remains; I have realised through my girl friends. The majority of them would never be up for watching a fighting or hardRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words Ã |Ã 922 Pagesvaluable. Peter Holdt Christensen, Associate Professor, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark McAuley et al.Ã¢â¬â ¢s book is thought-provoking, witty and highly relevant for understanding contemporary organizational dilemmas. The book engages in an imaginative way with a wealth of organizational concepts and theories as well as provides insightful examples from the practical world of organizations. The authorsÃ¢â¬â¢ sound scholarship and transparent style of writing set the book apart, making it an ingenious read
Tuesday, December 10, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"The merely individual you are destined to go is the individual you decide to be. Ã¢â¬ ( Ralph Waldo Emerson. Nature 58 ) . Who have you decided to be? Anyone? No 1? Most people donÃ¢â¬â¢t recognize that we have that pick. So. who have you decided to be? When believing about that. donÃ¢â¬â¢t merely settle for the least you can be. Think large. dream large. itÃ¢â¬â¢s our pick to be who we want. why non make it? The word fate has a definite deposition to the allusive significance ; all people interpret different apprehensions from this term. Some believe that we have set fates and others believe we are set on a way that can non be changed and every action we make merely continues our way until it is complete. Ã¢â¬Å"Every way but your ain is the way of destiny. Keep on your ain path. so. Ã¢â¬ ( Henry David Thoreau. Walden 7 ) . We all have separate waies that will entwine with each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s and every entwining way alterations each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s. We will write a custom essay sample on Why My Voice Is Important? Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Each individual you interact with alterations the manner actions will take topographic point in their lives. For every individual I meet. I myself become friends with. or acquire close to. alterations and make a new fate for the people I interact with. I hold the power to alter people lives even in the slightest. I feel this is a major part to how people live their lives and how much of an importance and a difference I am able to do in the universe. PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s actions and words can order the relationships that we have. Those relationships are what builds us as a individual and allows for us to demo our importance. Showing self-interest and stating ourselves things like my voice is of import. finally starts to do us believe in ourselves. Ã¢â¬Å"To be great is to be misunderstood. Ã¢â¬ ( Ralph Waldo Emerson ) . He says misunderstood people are in front of their clip and I wholly agree with this statement. There are an huge sum of people who were mistaken as unwise and incompetent and when they created something that was so unresolved to their originality. people were astonished. Alber t Einstein for illustration. There are people all over the universe throughout history who display as great illustrations of people non believing in them. and they kept stating themselves that they are of import and can do a difference. George Washington. the First President of the United States was unable to spell throughout his life and his grammar use was really hapless. His brother had one said. Ã¢â¬Å"That possibly appraising in the back countries might be an appropriate calling for immature George. Ã¢â¬ He ended up being president and one of the greatest leaders of all clip. Or even Vincent Van Gogh. the Painter. he was scorned. neglected and even ridiculed during in his life-time. his illustration now acts as a dominant starting point for a batch of draw a bead oning creative persons. The stating. Ã¢â¬Å"No adult male of all time followed his mastermind til it misled him. Ã¢â¬ ( Henry David Thoreau. Walden ) goes along absolutely with any of these celebrated history authors. In the quotation mark the word mastermind. as Thoreau used it. does non intend intelligence like you would believe. In Transcendentalist footings. mastermind refers to the voice within. an interior usher that will ever direct one along the right way. When you follow your mastermind. you are moving as an person and non conforming to societyÃ¢â¬â¢s norms seeing how we c ontain a different voice. Ã¢â¬Å"Everyone who wills can hear the interior voice. It is within everyone. Ã¢â¬ ( Mohandas Gandhi ) . Gandhi was one of the extreme leaders of all clip ; he showed great distinction because he was able to acknowledge how important the interior voice can be with clip. When you follow your inner usher and have strong religion in what you believe in so prominence will ensue. The interior voice or otherwise known as the subconscious is much more powerful than one would believe. Ã¢â¬Å"Never go to kip without a petition to your subconscious. Ã¢â¬ ( Thomas Edison ) . Your intuition and subconscious head are of import personal tools for voyaging throughout the journey of your life. if we have a negative attitude towards life and maintain stating ourselves that we are pointless ; so a difference in life and in the universe will neer yield. Many people believe that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have what it takes to do an change in the universe. They believe merely people like Mahatma Gandhi. Mother Theresa. Thomas Edison. Albert Einstein. Bill Gates. and the likes. are capable of doing a difference. But truth is we all make a difference even if it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t on a planetary graduated table. Showing compassion and regard for those we care about is adequate to do a difference in our ain personal universes. If we continue to allow fright of success knock down our doors and state our voices that it is nugatory. so anticipate nil outstanding than insufficiency of your accomplishments. Plants Cited [ Emerson. Ralph. Ã¢â¬Å"Ralph Waldo Emerson. Ã¢â¬ goodreads. Goodreads Inc. n. d. Web. 28 Jan 2013. ] [ Thoraeu. Henry. Ã¢â¬Å"Henry David Thoreau. Ã¢â¬ goodreads. GoodreadsInc. n. d. Web. 28 Jan 2013. ] [ Mahatma. Gandhi. Ã¢â¬Å"You Must Be The Change. Ã¢â¬ Your Inner voice. yourinnervoice. com. n. d. Web. 28 Jan 2013. ] [ Edison. Thomas. Ã¢â¬Å"How to Use Your Subconscious to Change Your Life. Ã¢â¬ thechangeblog. the alteration web log. 15 1 2013. Web. 28 Jan 2013. ]
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Operations Management and Quantitative Techniques Essay A master production schedule is used by business organizations as a metric to ascertain whether or not their production (outputs) meets their supply demands (inputs). There are times when a business wants to have a surplus and at others letting inventory dwindle to smaller numbers is optimal. The idea is to ensure that customers get their orders in a timely manner to retain loyalty, maximize profits, and reduce overhead and direct costs. The Realco Breadmaster Company has a new bread maker in the hopes of increasing their revenue. In question is the cost and efficiency of the new bread maker. The owner of Realco, Johnny Chang, wants a Master Production Schedule (MPS) designed. With the MPS on hand it is clear that Realco will indeed meet their customerÃ¢â¬â¢s requirements based on the production available to include the promised shipments in 3 weeks. On the 8th week however, they will have a surplus of inventory. We will write a custom essay sample on Operations Management and Quantitative Techniques specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Operations Management and Quantitative Techniques specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Operations Management and Quantitative Techniques specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Mr. Chang the owner stated that the ending inventory of 51,650 units was too high and should be used as a Reorder Point (ROP) to indicate that there is a problem with overproducing. Fortunately Realco has not overpromised since they are able to meet their customerÃ¢â¬â¢s demands with the excess inventory. This does indicate that production numbers need to be readjusted to accommodate consumer demand. According to Marketing Manager Jack Jones, Ã¢â¬Å"nearly all orders can be filled within two weeks, so we promise them three weeks. That gives us a cushion, just in case. (Bozarth amp; Handfield, 2008). The thinking behind this is to ensure that customers can get their orders without delay and provide a cushion if there is a delay somewhere upstream in the supply chain. The negative aspect to this is the inventory on hand is going to be higher than it should be which costs money to keep on hand without true need, it also limits the amount of orders that can be produced if each order is extended to 3 weeks instead of the 2 weeks actually needed. With a MPS inventory can be properly tracked and adjusted as needed for production and consumers requirements. This would allow Realco to begin the lead/match capacity and match production to begin controlling the overhead in handling unnecessary inventory on the input and output side. It would also allow Realco to provide their bread makers in a timelier fashion making customers happier with services rendered. Although it may seem counter-intuitive, with Realco continuing to produce 20,000 bread makers a week as opposed to 40,000 every the surplus will drop considerably although after the 8th week there will still be considerable excess. Johnny Chang now needs to make a decision; should Mr. Chang lower production and keep the excess after 8 weeks in order to fill orders quickly or lower total inventory to match production needs and possibly fail to meet a large order from a customer? With the information at hand there is not enough information to justify a proper MPS. From the 1st week at a whopping 23,500 units to the end of the 8th week to 1,800 units there is a considerably small amount that could cause hardship with customers who may have a high volume need. In a few months there would be nothing on hand to send to customers. New methods of production whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s adjusting the capacity or your business, changing your production to match/chase or even using a different IS software are always a risk. Owners and business managers will never be fully sure if their new product or service will be able to meet consumer demand or if it will cause significant loss in purchasing more inventory than is needed or over production which could cost a lot in storing until needed. Creating a Master Production Schedule can help businesses ensure that the correct of input/output is being utilized for maximum profits and customerÃ¢â¬â¢s needs. A MPS can prevent over/under ordering and can allow for adjustments when demand forecasting calls for a slowing down period or a period of higher demand. A properly designed and used MPS can assist large companies to constantly improve their efficiency, control costs and still meet customer demand. Introduction A Bumpy Road for Toyota Throughout the years, Toyota has defined themselves as one of the top vehicle vendors in the world. Ending in March 2004, ToyotaÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"net income [was] $10. 49 billion in yen,Ã¢â¬ which was more than General Motors and Ford Motor combined (Bozarth amp; Handfield, 2008). With ToyotaÃ¢â¬â¢s car sales on the rise they wanted to focus on improving the quality of cars being produced. Unfortunately for Toyota, they found a series of errors and glitches in their entire assembly process with had a negative impact towards ToyotaÃ¢â¬â¢s brand. The Toyota Company viewed the Lean philosophy as, Ã¢â¬Å"a form of religionÃ¢â¬ (Bozarth amp; Handfield, 2008). The Lean methodology is a process in which every aspect of the business is looked at and improved to increase productivity of workers, assembly lines, and inventory and manager management among many others, all the while keeping a close eye on production. When Toyota began opening automobile factories in the United States they continued to maintain and enforce quality which was consistent with their lean philosophy. One of the engineers would even draw chalk circles around an employee and told the employee to stay their watching that job until they could figure out how to improve it (Bozarth amp; Handfield, 2008). Having the workers involved in the lean process not only gave them some buy in, but gave the employees at all levels a sense that they mattered and instilled in them a thought process of constantly looking for improvements or Kaizen (Kaizen: a philosophy of constant personal and productivity improvement) (Kaizen Institute of America, 2011). In searching for these constant improvements quality is also assured as apparent errors are immediately studied and improved upon. By doing so Muda (waste) (Kaizen Institute of America, 2011) is reduced and quality is assured through large and even extremely small increments. These processes help improve a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s standings with suppliers, employees, peers in the industry and most importantly consumers. This is significantly one of major reasons why Toyota sales have been better than almost all of their competitors in the industry (Bozarth amp; Handfield, 2008). Some of the most important people in these plants were so called Ã¢â¬Å"coordinatorsÃ¢â¬ (Bozarth amp; Handfield, 2008). These were experts with over 20 years of experience with the Toyota Production Systems (TPS). It was their responsibility to train American factory workers and managers to instill the lean production process to ensure efficiency and increase productivity. While at first it worked well and caught on quickly, the lean techniques became watered down and lose their value. Workers were said to be Ã¢â¬Å"creating a Buddha image and forgetting to inject soul in it. (Bozarth amp; Handfield, 2008). After a while employees cared less about the TPS and more about increasing productivity without regard to the quality associated with Lean Methodology. It was clear that as factories grew and moved away from TPS and lean production that the mindset taught by the Japanese experts was waning. Hajime Oba, ToyotaÃ¢â¬â¢s top TPS engineer was very concerned with how the Detroit au tomakers made and cared about the cars they made. Auto workers moving at such a pace can tend to overlook the workmanship that goes into the products being made. I do not agree with Hajime that quality is in the decline. While it is true that many organizations have lost their Ã¢â¬Å"soulÃ¢â¬ it is returning as senior executives try to regain the productivity, profitability and customer loyalty so crucial to being a top tier competitor in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world market. It could be argued that a lot is lost when companies outsource their work but on the other side of the coin is that companies can focus on Ã¢â¬Å"core competenciesÃ¢â¬ that allow them to stand up above their industry peers. By using available technology products like Master Production Schedules, Enterprise Resource Management and understanding the supply chain up and down stream allow a company to take a holistic look at all the functional and commodity areas. The stickler however is to invest in your employees to ensure employee buy-in to promote the quality and lean processes. In the eraÃ¢â¬â¢s prior to Toyota arriving in America the 1950-70Ã¢â¬â¢s could be considered the golden age for automobile manufacturers. Most vehicles were built by men of an age that hard work was the number one value a man could have to show his worth and purpose (almost justifying Ayn Rand) and later on by men who grew up watching John Wayne and spaghetti westerns. This is perhaps why cars built in those times are still sought after and purchased with a hefty sum for the privilege of ownership of these classical beauties. After the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s automakers began to look after profit margins more than customer loyalty, after all there were really only three major manufacturers to choose from! It can be argued and shown that when pure profit and greed are the going values cheaper materials and higher prices are soon to follow. Car quality went straight down hill and that trend is still apparent today when American automobiles havenÃ¢â¬â¢t made the top 10 list of vehicles purchased in America today (Bloomsberg Weekly, 2011). It is apparent that while profit is the motive, with a little bit of internal rearranging profit margins can be made solid by going back and beginning the lean process from the newest employee pulling a lever to the CEO and his decision-making matrixes. Use the lessons learned from Mr. Oba and begin to hire and train lean process or Ã¢â¬Å"6 SigmaÃ¢â¬ individuals. During the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s the massive Toyota factory which was based in Georgetown, Ky. , Ã¢â¬Å"routinely claimed the top spots in J. D. Power amp; AssociatesÃ¢â¬â¢ widely watched initial quality survey for cars sold in the U. S. Ã¢â¬ (Bozarth amp; Handfield, 2008). In 2001 a Toyota factory in Canada was named the 2nd best plant and the Georgetown plant went into serious decline and was named 14th in ToyotaÃ¢â¬â¢s spreadsheet. The issue came from hastily made decision due to the over rapid expansion of the Toyota plants and Toyota management being spread too thin. The biggest mistake was promoting employees and floor managers too quickly without allowing for a proper train up on the total Toyota Production Systems. This allowed for poor decision making on all levels. The Toyota factory workers lost touch of the fine details and allowed their factory defects to reach a high of 117 problems per 100 vehicles. Though Toyota has definitely faced Ã¢â¬Å"a bumpy road,Ã¢â¬ they are slowly recovering and Ã¢â¬Å"scrambling to take Lean production to a new evel-one that is simple enough to function without the constant help of Japanese coordinators with 20 years of experience or more in Lean productionÃ¢â¬ (Bozarth amp; Handfield, 2008). With the belief of increasing production and lowering profit leading to increased profit margins, we can see with the Toyota example that it can hurt the brand and ultimately r educe consumer confidence, lower sales and possibly even put a company out of business. In the case of Toyota; they stayed in business but have spent several decades repairing damage done due to a poor understanding of the lean process and attention to detail of the American auto worker. Despite the rough patches this mega corporation has had to go through, it is certainly one of the most popular brands available on the market world-wide. One of the biggest benefits to the TPS is the complete changeover between the earlier employees and the new employees who are coming into the system as opposed to relearning a completely new way to do business. With Toyota fighting forward on lean production and instilling a sense of proper quality back in their vehicles they should reclaim their top tier place in the manufacturing industry and improve sales more and more every year. All it takes is persistence, hard work and dedication from the top CEO and board members down to the newest employees who have bought into the philosophy in place. Once again, Toyota will be one of the top ranked vehicles in America. Works Cited Bloomsberg Weekly. (2011, January 01). Retrieved November 27, 2011, from Business Business Weekly: http://www. businessweek. com Bozarth, C. C. , amp; Handfield, R. B. (2008). Introduciton to Operations adn Supply Chain Management. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall. Kaizen Institute of America. (2011, January 01). Retrieved November 27, 2011, from Kaizen Institute: http://www. kaizen. com
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Clashing Causes of the Civil War essays When dissecting the causes of the American Civil War, so many historians try to simplify the driving forces that one cannot truly appreciate the powerful and complex reasons for this momentous struggle. The causes of the Civil War are many, and not easily defined, but broken up into the categories of economics, culture clash, the necessity of war itself, and morality. The economic causes of the conflict are far reaching. Charles Beard claims that the wars problems resulted not from slavery, as American voters shunned both the Liberty party and the Republican party when their primary platform was one of abolition, or even of states rights, because many times before in our nations history have individual states found major issue with national policy. Instead, he maintains that the Civil War was, in essence, a social battle between the growing industrial North and the diminishing plantations of the South. Since the industry in the Northeast was expanding, the agriculture in the Northwest was tied to the Northeast through transportation and manufacturing, and fertile lands available to farm in the South was steadily decreasing, the delicate balance of equality began to tip, and statesmen found it hard to hold onto the fragile peace. As a common saying of the time went, The planters were after all fighting against the census returns. Foreign trade with Northern industry expanded, the farming regions of the West complemented this booming industry, the flow of immigrants progressively increased, the Northern population rose, and the free labor system threatened to push south into the slavocracy. Large plantation owners couldnt handle the stress in their confined region working with slave labor on land which lost more nutrients each planting season. In response to this growing stress, Southerners began to blame Northerners. Jefferson Davis attacked the Free-Soil party of having no purpose in off...
Saturday, November 23, 2019
GT3 essays Specific Purpose: I wish to provide several facts about the 2004 Porsche 911 GT3. Thesis: The 2004 Porsche 911 GT3 is a high-performance sports car for sports car purists. The 2004 Porsche 911 GT3 is a high-performance sports car for sports car purists. Its a sports car for the sports car purist because its got everything you need, and nothing you dont. The 2004 Porsche 911 GT3 is a car that has been acclaimed as the Porsche for purists. A purist is someone who holds the performance of his or her car above all. A purist doesnt care about: A purist only cares about pure performance and performance in general. The GT3 differs from the other 911 models significantly. It is the product of half a century of Porsche involvement in motorsport. Porsches racecar engineers designed this vehicle with track use in mind. In order for a car to be successful on the track, if needs several key ingredients. It needs to be fast and agile. The GT3 meets these requirements with so much ease. In order it be fast and agile - The GT3 is a lightened version of the 911 Turbo. The back seat has been removed. The heavy AWD drive train has been replaced by much lighter RW drive system. The Interior was redesigned for a more simplistic look, and they used lightweight components to make up the equipment. All of these combine together for a terrific display of weight reduction, and the lighter the car, they less work the engine does to accelerate it. - In order to be fast. The 911 GT3 boasts a 3.6-liter, six-cylinder horizontally opposed engine, rated at 380 (SAE) horsep ...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
International business - Assignment Example This project covers all aspects of producing green cars. Starting with research, production of green cars and production of batteries the government wants to produce a network of battery charging stations throughout France. The government plans to provide 900 million Euros of the total investment announced in the form of state loans. By 2030 the green fuel car sector in France is projected to hold 27% of the market share and will be worth 15 billion Euros as per the ecology ministry projections (Boehm 2009). Thus, looking at these ambitious plans of the French government, France is the best country to collaborate with for hybrid car technology. China and France are completely opposite to each other as far as the cultural and institutional aspects are concerned. This difference is reflected in their management style also. Starting with the demographics, the population of China is more than 1.3 billion while that of France is around 63 million. Because of high population the Chinese government has made laws to restrict the growth and also generate a population which is hardworking and devoted. Thus, all people in China voluntarily seek for employment as unemployment is seen as a social stigma. In contrast to this, French people enjoy the social security provided by their government. Hence, they are more secure as far as unemployment benefits are concerned. This reflects in their way of working as they are not always driven by the need to keep their jobs. The basic difference between the two countries lies in their government set up. China is a socialist republic while France is a capitalist and democratic country. If we look at their religious and social setup, we can see that Chinese people are more religion oriented and also believe in taking care of old. Because of the vastness of population, there are many religions in China. The old generation of China is the responsibility of
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
INVESTMENT AND PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words
INVESTMENT AND PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT - Assignment Example The investor who prefers to bank his funds to generate a fixed Ã¢â¬ËcertainÃ¢â¬â¢ interest at the end of a term is the classic case of risk-averse individual while a casino gambler who bets against high Ã¢â¬ËuncertainÃ¢â¬â¢ odds is at the other end of the spectrum (Pietersz, 2009). In scenario whereby an individual investment is assured of a Ã £500 return, in the uncertain situation, a bet is considered that with a toss of a penny, the individual can get Ã £1,000 or naught, while in the certain situation the individual will definitely receive the Ã £500. Although both situations have a guaranteed return of Ã £500, the uncertain situation has a 50 percent chance of garnering Ã £1,000 or nothing. Therefore, three possible scenarios emerge: Risk aversion is therefore a characteristic case of martingale effect whereby the most likely scenario is the investor risk-taker only gaining the original amount (Yates, 2009). In modern portfolio theory, risk aversion is calculated as the added subsidiary return an investor needs to admit supplementary risk, which is calculated through the standard deviation of the ROI or the square root of its variance (Baker, 2001). Modern portfolio theory established mean-variance efficient portfolios in a fixed time horizon that ignored future market movements hence not applicable to multi-period investment horizon. Sharpe (1964), Lintner (1965) and Mossin (1966) separately have been ascribed to establishing the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) model that was developed from Markowitzs (1959) exposition of the Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT) particularly the mean-variance model. The fundamental theory of the CAPM indicates that there is a linear link involving systematic risk, as measured by beta, and projected share returns (Brewton, 2009). The CAPM model endeavours to illustrate the linkage by applying beta to describe the differences involving the likely proceeds from shares and share portfolios (Laubscher, 2002, p.
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Tesco. Ligeher Essay Opening: Hallo, Ladies and Gentleman Thank you for inviting me to speak at this conference. It is a pleasure for me to be here today at the London School of Economics and it is great to see so many business students at one place. Introduction: My name is Sir Alen Iverson and I am the PR assistant at Tesco, the largest British supermarket chain. And today I would like to talk a little about retail market general. How it has developed the last couple of years. And I talk about TescoÃ¢â¬â¢s current problems and finally I will comment on the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts to solve them taking the changing consumer behavior into consideration. I expect my presentation will last about 30 to 45 minutes Feel free to ask any questions, speculations or something that you cannot understand you might have during my presentation. The world and theÃ retailing is different from what it used to be. People wants bigger things now and that is the reason why we need to gather all the stores in one place. Shopping malls are the new today. All the small convenience stores cannot compete with the big shopping malls where you have the oppurtunity to shop all what you want. Many consumers do not have the time to run around from one shop to another to find what they are looking after, therefore the consumers prefer to shop in one big shopping mall. An example of a very successful retail outlet is Tesco. Tesco is a supermarket which contain pretty much everything you need. Tesco is gathering information about their customers through a club card, so if the customers change their way of buying Tesco will be first to know it. But you cannot knpw everything.. As the most of you probably know, then Tesc o had some of our worst years in history. In Januar we came out with a profit warning showing that we have hadlower profits as expected. TescoÃ¢â¬â¢s shares have fallen 20 % and it has an expected loss of the market value of 5 billion pound sterling. After TescoÃ ´s many successful years we have changed our boss, CEO Chief Terry Leahy who had been CEO from march 1997 until march 2011. He made Tesco expand so much, that some thought of him to be Ã¢â¬Å"too successfulÃ¢â¬ and he was criticised a lot because of this. The critics thought that he had forgotten to tighten the economics, and to keep focus on our driverÃ¢â¬â¢s values, which is Quality and Service. The new CEO is Philip Clark whoÃ ´s expected to get Tesco back on the right track. He will obviously be facing a long and hard task. We had an ill-fated price drop, which means that we went from being a quality store, to a discount store. This also meant that we did not live up to our costumers expectations. The consequences of this was that we decided to drop 182 of our branches. Then we could reconnect with the costumers and change our corporate culture. Another way that we thought we could make this possible was by introducing the new private label called Every Day Value. This would give the customers a chance to buy quality products for a reasonable price. Further more we opened a few bakeries in our stores to give the customers a better experience. Then we made some further research on our products, by asking our costumers what they thought of them, referring to design and colours. It turned out that our costumers thought our colours to be Ã¢â¬Å"too hardÃ¢â¬ . A result of this research was that we added softer colours of course. We at Tesco have received a lot of complaints from our customers referring to the lack of employees to give a better service and empty shelves. Thats why weÃ ´ve planed to employ twenty thousand extra employees. So far weÃ ´ve managed to employ an estimated 8000 new employees to improve the service and to avoid the empty shelves. In the year 2007 Tesco founded Fresh Easy in the United States of America. But Tesco should have waited. It was a really bad timing. Fresh Easy failed to take off and you could probably blame it on financial crises. Therefore we decided to shut it down. To solved these problems we have invested 150 million pounds in online shopping, which mainly is for selling non-food products. Then we made an app for the use on your phone. This will make it possible for you to shop from your phone, and go straight down to our stores and pick up our products, which of course is ready to go. By doing these things and keeping on we can now all ready see that our sales has increased by 1,3% and we will keep on investing in the stores on the United Kingdom market with about 1 billion pounds. In Tesco, we have chosen to make it possible for our customers to become members of the shop chain. That gives our customers benefits every time they shop in our stores and create loyalty to Tesco. And at the same time memberships give useful information about the shoppers purchase patterns. The weekday is very stressful for many people, so we need to make it easier to do the daily shopping. One option could be to use Internet based shopping to help the customers save time. In times where the number of smartphones are increasing, a free application that enable users to easily order product from the stores with a few finger clicks, would help people to save time and use their spare time for other useful things. One problem when you are shopping in a retail store is that you might end up in a long line. Most people shop at the same time of the day, that is, when they are getting home from work. That creates problems with long lines at the cash disk. To prevent all that wast of time waiting in line, you could install small cash disks with self-service to make the payment much faster for the busy customers. We have already seen self-service cash disks but in Tesco we think that self-service cash disk will be a part of the future shopping to a much higher degree. Finally, let me sum up the main points of my presentation on this subject: * How the retail market, the world and us customers has changed. * Tesco terrible 12 months and how we will solve the problems * Ideas of shopping in the future Ã¢â¬â E-business, but still physical stores I believe that we at Tesco have done a great job so far. But there is still a long way to go. If we want to keep on being one of the biggest companies in the world we have to keep on focusing on the constant changing culture and behaviour of our costumers. Every one of you is different and you all have different desires. We will make Tesco just the right shop for you! Thank you for listening and again my name is Alen Iverson and I hope you liked or join my speech. Thank you! [ 1 ]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shopping_mall [ 2 ]. http://www.tesco.com/ [ 3 ]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tesco_Clubcard and Tesco, Philip Clarke 1 (4:03) [ 4 ]. Tescos Terrible 12 Months [ 5 ]. Tescos Terrible 12 Months [ 6 ]. Tesco: Domestic Turnaround a Priority [ 7 ]. Tescos Terrible 12 Months [ 8 ]. Tescos Terrible 12 Months and Tesco: Domestic Turnaround a Priority [ 9 ]. Tesco: Domestic Turnaround a Priority [ 10 ]. Tesco: Domestic Turnaround a Priority [ 11 ]. Tesco, Philip Clarke 1 (4:03) and 2 (4:53) [ 12 ]. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/debate/article-2135553/The-self-service-checkout-The-site-new-middle-class-rebellion.html [ 13 ]. Tesco, Philip Clarke 1 (4:03) and 2 (4:53)
Friday, November 15, 2019
Sonnet 143 by William Shakespeare creates a patriarchal ideology constructing gender and womenÃ¢â¬â¢s role in society supported by feminist criticism, which implements patriarchal woman, traditional gender roles, biological essentialism, othering, and sexage. By forcing women to be seen as biological creatures and/or insignificant objects with specific characteristics, a social construction is made. Instantly the typical patriarchal woman in traditional gender roles of Ã¢â¬Å"housewifeÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"motherÃ¢â¬ is cast upon the main character in Sonnet 143. She has Ã¢â¬Å"internalized the norms and values of patriarchy, which can be defined, in short, as any culture that privileges menÃ¢â¬ (Tyson 85). The dark lady/mother is given the task to stay home and care for her child. She is shown as a nice wife who Ã¢â¬Å"runs to catch / One of her feathered creatures broke away,Ã¢â¬ taking care to watch the family bird or chicken while she Ã¢â¬Å"Sets down her babe, and makes all swift dispatchÃ¢â¬ (Shakespeare 143.1-3). She is given the task to chase after a bird, which seems to be in their house, showcasing she must be poor and in a lower class, making the impression that while the man is away, she is less privileged and must stay home with the child in untidy conditions. Furthering this scene is the fact that she is described as the sole caregiver to the child. Ã¢â¬Å"Traditional gender roles cast men as rational, strong, protective, and decisive; they cast women as emotional (irrational), weak, nurturing and submissiveÃ¢â¬ which are seen in the relationships and characters of Sonnet 143 (Tyson 85). The speaker or child tries to gain attention from his mother or the dark lady. He wishes she would Ã¢â¬Å"play the motherÃ¢â¬â¢s part, kiss me, be kindÃ¢â¬ (Shakespeare 143.12). The child is acting as a d... ...ats women, whatever their role, like objectsÃ¢â¬ (Tyson 91). She is nothing of value, besides pleasuring the young man; she is not even fit to be a successful mother. So the mother, who is seen as biologically the better nurturer, is therefore a bad caregiver since she has other duties that come before that of her child. Overall, the woman is showcased as obviously living a less-fulfilling life as the man, she is forced to take care of the child, abide to the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s cries, and chase after the Ã¢â¬Å"feathered creature,Ã¢â¬ all in poor conditions, whiles the man has patriarchal control (Shakespeare 143.2). When seen as the dark lady she is nothing be a sex object, fulfilling his desires and pleasures. The speaker already has the education to write the poetry. Using his schooling, he illustrates that even though the woman holds his desire, he has power over her actions.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
To what extent do Contemporary Sociologists see the Modern Family as a Haven from the Outside World?
Until recently, sociological studies of the family have concentrated upon the role of the family within society. Contemporary sociologists however have shown an increasing interest in the emotional relationships within the family unit. This is an important issue in sociology when looking at the role of the family, as the family is the only institution in society providing affection and emotional support. There is no other specialised unit that does this. Most sociological perspectives view the family as a haven, compensating individuals for the harsh, cruel and potentially psychologically damaging reality of the outside world. The view that the family is a haven is mainly from a functionalist perspective. Marxists agree to a lesser extent whilst feminists certainly oppose such views. There are traditional views on the family like that of Talcott Parsons', and critics of this view who view the family as a prison, such as Morgan, and feminist Anne Oakley. Perhaps the most famous theory of the family is the view held by functionalist sociologist Talcott Parsons. He argues that the family performs two roles, the primary socialisation of children, and the stabilisation of adult personalities therefore agreeing with the idea that the family is a haven from the outside world. He states that people have an inborn need to be loved and cared for and now traditional communities and kinship networks of the early 20th Century have given way to isolated nuclear families, people are more dependent on the emotional support within that family unit. Other functionalists support this view. Goode, for example, saw the family as being a place where a person could be treated as an individual compensating for the stresses of a non-personal modern society. Fletcher argued that a conjugal family was important as it depended upon emotional factors such as intimacy, closeness and intensity. Although the marriage rate is descending, the number of people choosing instead to cohabitate has increased. Few Marxists view the family as being a haven. Those that do, make a similar argument to functionalists. Hunt and Hunt, in their study Ã¢â¬Å"panacea for CapitalismÃ¢â¬ constructed the argument that love, and family, provides a panacea, a cure-all, for the harsh realities of a capitalist society. The family, being an institution that changes in response to other sections of society, would change with the development of capitalism, thus the family becomes more important to its members as capitalism develops. Dorothy Smith, also a Marxist views the family as a haven in which to be free from surveillance, a place to organise our own lives without having to follow rules laid down by someone else. Marxists who view the family as a haven argue that this is a challenge to capitalist society. The family is also viewed as a prison. Functionalist sociologist Morgan concentrated upon the dysfunctions of the family and found that two factors prevented the family from being a haven: Class differences within society means those who are well off can enjoy and take full advantage of what society has to offer. Those further down the social scale often find society opposing their interests. Life ends up as a struggle, which in turn leads to stresses and strains within the family. Morgan also argued that even within the family inequalities exist. Family members have their own interests and aspirations. Ã¢â¬Å"For whom is the family functional? Ã¢â¬ asks Morgan. It is usually the male head of the household who is well served by the functions of the family. Marxists also state that the family should not have to be seen as a haven from a capitalist society, that capitalism takes creativity and affection out of society, and steals away opportunities for personal growth. Barrett and McIntosh studied this in their work Ã¢â¬Å"The Anti-social familyÃ¢â¬ . They developed the concept of familialism, the ideology that the family is a small, isolated, conjugal unit where the husband is the breadwinner, the wife a domestic goddess and the children as happy, smiley and well behaved. What advertisers term Ã¢â¬Å"the cornflake familyÃ¢â¬ has been put upon a pedestal and advocated as the normal and proper way to live. Barrett and McIntosh argued that this could make the family a prison in that any member who does not Ã¢â¬Å"fit inÃ¢â¬ will be repressed, and that individual can in turn become psychologically damaged. Likewise, families who do not fit this ideology are seen as deviant and troublesome. Feminism tends to oppose the view of the family as a haven, choosing instead to see the family as a prison. The family is where women are oppressed and repressed. Within the family the woman is seen primarily as the housewife and mother, and in this environment men are given the control over women's sexuality and fertility. Within the family, gender roles are taught at a very young age and this spills out into society as a whole, reinforcing gender inequalities. According to feminists, the family is where women are placed under the threat of physical and mental abuse. Anne Oakley conducted a study, The Housewife and Housework. She views the family as a prison because of the nature of housework and its lack of status. Housework is monotonous, repetitive and relentless. It's a job that goes un-rewarded, unpaid, unseen and unappreciated. Men are able to escape this routine, and children are able to escape also. Domestic labour is seen throughout society as the feminine role. Leonard looks more at the ideology of the family and how women are socialised to accept their role. Women's magazines and television programmes are all geared towards romance and domestic issues like cooking. Leonard argues that the family is a prison and completely unequal in that the husband offers the minimum level of support to his wife and children whilst she provides a lifetime of unpaid housework, years of child rearing and exclusive sexual services. Marriage therefore does not turn out anything like the romance promoted by the media. Feminism has helped highlight many issues facing women within society, but perhaps one of the biggest issues feminists have highlighted is that domestic abuse and violence. This puts more emphasis on the family being a prison because those people living within this environment are far from the safety of a haven. There has been much difficulty in researching this because many women are too afraid to speak out. In conclusion, to a large extent, functionalists view the family as a haven because it provides stabilisation of adult personalities in order to cope with day-to-day life. However, if a family is dysfunctional then this can make the family a prison. Marxists do not see why the family should be seen as a haven, but agrees that the family is a panacea from a capitalist society, and at best a challenge to capitalism. Feminists on the other hand do not view the family as a haven in any way. They see the family as a place in which there are inequalities that cause the oppression of women. Indeed the family is also an environment that can be far from safe, where women, and children are at risk from abuse. Sociologists do recognise that families do vary and what may be seen as a haven by some may be far from the reality for others.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
The Oldowan technology is referred to as Mode 1, preceding the Mode 2 Acheulean technology. The latter implies that it is more advanced and more sophisticated than the former. Mode 1 technology only refers to simple hand tools which include choppers, scrapers, awls and woodworking tools. On the other hand, Mode 2 technology was the Ã¢â¬Å"retouchedÃ¢â¬ and reworked Mode 1 tools. This ensures that their tools were more symmetrical making it effective and useful for its purpose It has been an argument on whether the ergaster was to be considered as a different taxon since some researchers claim that they feature Ã¢â¬Å"differentÃ¢â¬ characteristics from other Homo taxons and also associates them as the direct ancestor of humans. KNM-ER 3733 and KNM-ER 992 are some ergaster specimen that were found. These specimens show no significant difference from other homo taxon to qualify it as a new species. Researchers still support Homo erectus as the closer ancestor of modern humans and that the ergaster are Ã¢â¬Å"H. erectus from AfricaÃ¢â¬ The Turkana Boy was a significant find since it provides evidences of evolution of humans. By studying its morphology, scientists found out that the Turkana boy exhibits the possibility of having its own language and also how modern humans evolved traits from it. Bipedalism, brain volume, size of canines and inner ear bones are some features shared by Australopithecus and Homo sp. This suggests that they share a common ancestor. Works Cited http://www. archaeologyinfo. com/homoergaster. htm http://www. crystalinks. com/turkanaboy. html http://www. ecotao. com/holism/hu_austral. htm http://www. crystalinks. com/Oldowan. html
Friday, November 8, 2019
WWII on the Homefront essays Question: How were the majority of Americans affected on the Home Front? The majority of Americans were greatly affected on the Home Front. Almost every family lent out a father or brother to the army, and a mother or sister to the work force. Every one contributed all that that had and then some. Anything to bring the boys home. After the draft, the labor force in the United States was severely depleted. This was not a positive thing considering America was the furthest behind concerning war mobility. The government called on everybody who was able to contribute to the war effort. Women, minorities, immigrants, farmers, and other small-job holders took the place of the overseas men in the factories. By 1943 over 5 million women, and 40 million small-job holders had found themselves a new home in Americas war-time labor force. These people worked double time and under extreme conditions. Often seven days a week, three shifts a day with no breaks in between. But their hard-work paid off and soon America was out-producing any other Ally. However, these enormous sacrifices were not without consequences. With so many mothers working day-long shifts, many children were left unattended. Some roamed the streets. Others camped out inside local movie theaters for up to 10 hours a day until Mommy came and picked them up. The high-school drop out rate soared and juvenile delinquency was up by sixty percent. This forced the government to take action and provide day care and other social services. Although these times were increasingly difficult, especially after government rationing was enstated, Americans still seemed eager and willing to help. Children collected scraps of metal and rubber. People brought their grease to the butcher shop. Even Hollywood stars participated by encouraging people to purchase war bonds. One of the things that kept this fire burning within American homes was the occasional letter from Fa...
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Greek and Roman essay essays As the Greek and Roman empires arose vastly throughout Europe, new ideas that would change the way the Europe and the world would handle things were spread across the globe. Changes in governmental policies, art, and philosophy influenced European culture, inducing future cultures to model their ideas and policies after the Greeks and Romans. The expansion of these empires encouraged cultural diffusion, blending the culture of the two empires into the land it conquered. Ancient Greece passed on a new form of government and governmental policies to European culture. The most important of these governmental policies is democracy. Democracy gave an equal vote to every man, under certain circumstances, on issues concerning the welfare of Grecian city-states. These circumstances limited the number of men that were able to participate in debates, leaving mainly wealthy landowners to run the government. The citizens that made up the democracy would settle issues such as choosing most government officials from the citizenry through a lottery and developed the idea of placing limits on the officials term. This original form of government has had a lost lasting affect on the European world, providing a basis for the governments of future civilizations to come. The Ancient Romans also passed on a form of governmental policies to European culture, but these policies differed from that of Ancient Greece. Although the power was not entirely in the hands of the citizens of Rome, they still had some power and decision making rights that would help shape the government. As in the Grecian democracy, male citizens participated in the Assembly, which could pass laws, elect magistrates, and declare war. No free discussion took place at Roman assemblies, and citizens could only approve or reject proposals presented by a magistrate, rather then present their own. Although this was a limited form of a government run by the people, it was ...
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Juvenile Crime in the USA - Research Paper Example Its really sad to see youthful members of the society adopting violent behaviors and getting involved in criminal activities. There are many factors generate this problem; for examples: Media, Friends, and violent Video Game. However, many people agree that its start from home. Single Parenthood, Domestic violent and Child abuse, and bad parenting are some of major causes of juvenile crime and violence. "It is the tasks connected with the home that are the fundamental tasks of humanity ... if the mother does not do her duty, there will either be no next generation, or a next generation that is worse than none at all." (The 26th President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt) Mother plays a crucial role in her childÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Mothers play the most part in raising the kids. Her role can be three quarters of parenting. Nevertheless, the role they play prior the birth. Nobody can substitute her. She bonded with her kids from the early days of pregnancy to a very late age. She teaches her kids the norms and right behaviors. Fathers role is complement to mothers role and yet very important. Father is the person whom the child admired and looks up to as an ideal. Fathers company gives the profound feeling of protection. Father is the one whom the son needs in life-school. From life experience, fathers usually want their sons and daughters to live better life than his. This research gives an overview of the history of family and home constrictions development in the last three centuries. It also includes statistics about the juvenile crime in the United States. This paper discusses how the violent behavior starts from home and the affects of Single parenthood, Domestic violent and child abuse, and Bad parenting. This research includes a survey among Miami Police Officers about this problem. Finally it concluded with some suggestions on how to prevent and protect the teens. Juvenile crimes started to catch the attention of the
Friday, November 1, 2019
Final Individual Share Performance Review - Essay Example The reason for choosing the company lies in the fact that it is one of the most well known financial companies in the UK. The report also recommends whether the nominal amount can be invested in Barclays for purchasing the shares and also sells it at the right time. Barclays Bank Plc. offers banking services to about 48 million customers and clients around the world by offering investing, lending and protecting their money. For more than 300 years it has worked as an expert in banking industry (Barclay, 2015b). Investing in Barclays is profitable as it aims at delivering return on equity to the customer, which is higher than the cost of equity (Barclay, 2015c). The future of the institution is based on the international banks, which has four core divisions such as Barclarcard, Personal and Corporate Banking, Investment Banking and Africa Banking (Barclay, 2015a). PEST analysis of banking industry in the UK is discussed henceforth, which helps in identifying the factors and may affect sustainability of Barclays Banks Plc. in the long run. The PEST analysis will help in determining whether the external environment will affect the business of Barclays, which will in turn reduce the rate of return on the investment of Ã £10,000. Political: The stability of UK government affects the business of Barclays to a great extent. Government interference is the key risk that can be encountered by the banking industry in the UK. Hence, like Barclays, other financial institutions such as HSBC and Morgan Stanley have the responsibility to abide by the rules that are formulated by the present government. Hence, the change in power has the ability to affect the business of the banks. Moreover, it is observed that the regulatory environment in the UK is unstable. The Basel rules based on the bank capital requires the banks to hold quality core tier capital equal to 10% of the assets, which is adjusted by risk (European Commission, 2015). Economic: The gross domestic
Wednesday, October 30, 2019
Business decision making - Assignment Example During the research, the researcher primarily focussed upon factors that influence the purchase of consumer drinks such as, consumer profile, preference and attitude. In market research, especially in retail industry, the role of primary data is very crucial. Given the scenario, the data will be useful for determining the productÃ¢â¬â¢s potential market and support validity and reliability of the research report. The questionnaire in this research will have close-ended questions so that data can be generated from participants without any hassle. Furthermore, a close-ended questionnaire will minimise ambiguity and confusion on the part of participants as well as researcher. In addition to questionnaire survey, the researcher will also observe the participants through face-to-face interview. The interview will be semi-formal in nature, where the researcher will ask relevant questions in order to support data generated through questionnaire. The sole reason for selecting interview method along with questionnaire survey is to access consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ behaviour and attitude, which are generally not expressed verbally (Scandura and Williams, 2000). The questionnaire and interview methods are quite helpful for in-depth study and wide coverage. However, the methods can often prove time consuming and costly under certain circumstances. Personal interview involve direct interaction between participants and researcher, which may increase scope of personal biasness in the research process (Patton, 2005). A sampling technique forms the foundation of data collection method. There are mainly two kinds of sampling techniques; probability sampling and non-probability sampling. Keeping in view the project requirements, the researcher will implement probability sampling method such as, simple random sampling. Under simple random sampling, the researcher will select participants randomly so as to develop a rational
Monday, October 28, 2019
Sociology of Humor Essay Humor is an important part of everyday interaction. It serves mainly as a social lubricant that creates a lighter atmosphere between a speaker and an audience. Provided that it is not provoke offensive behavior, humor can be used as a first step towards building individual relationships. A more relaxed ambiance between people, in turn, is conducive to friendliness. In the sociological context, however, humor has more important functions. It allows people to express their innermost feelings and opinions without offending a given status quo. In addition, it operates as a coping mechanism by paving the way for the normalization of crises. Lastly, it is a means of transmitting group culture to new members (Drew, Mills and Gassaway, 2007). WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s So Funny? The Foundation and Dynamics of Humor Humor is the result of Ã¢â¬Å"(the divergence between) the conventional and the unconventionalÃ¢â¬ (Macionis and Gerber, 2008). A joke is regarded as funny when its reinterpretation of a protagonist or an event sharply contrasts those of preexisting concepts and schemata (Kubovy, 2003). But the teller of the gag must be able to specifically point out this difference at the proper time (Macionis and Gerber, 2008). Otherwise, the yarn might not be able to fulfill its objective of generating humor. The listener, meanwhile, must be able to identify and understand the conflicting elucidations of a given reality in the joke that is being told to him or her. Reconciling these opposing interpretations is the only way he or she can understand the gag. Comprehending the yarn, in turn, satisfies the listener in the sense that he or she receives an Ã¢â¬Å"insiderÃ¢â¬ status (Macionis and Gerber, 2008). He or she establishes rapport with both the teller of the joke and all the other people who understand it as well. It must be noted, however, that a funny joke is entirely different from a demeaning one. Humiliating jokes in general are thinly disguised statements of intolerance against other races, ethic backgrounds, religions, the opposite gender and or individuals of different sexual orientations (Voors, 2000). These gags convey their message of hatred usually by perpetuating negative stereotypes about parties that are deemed to be different. Below are some examples of demeaning jokes: a. Question: What is the difference between a Jew and a meat pie? Answer: A meat pie does not scream when it is put in the oven. b. Question: Why is a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s pussy like a warm toilet seat? Answer: They both feel good, but you wonder who was there before you. c. Question: What is the difference between a Catholic priest and acne? Answer: Acne does not come on a boyÃ¢â¬â¢s face until he is 12 years old. The Functions of Humor It would be fair to say that humor operates as a Ã¢â¬Å"safety valveÃ¢â¬ in human interactions (Macionis and Gerber, 2008). Even the most taboo subjects become discussable when jokes are made about them. Its desensitizing ability likewise allows humor to become a non-threatening means of understanding the culture of a given society. Gags, after all, can express sentiments that might be dangerous to relationships within a certain society when discussed seriously. Satire: Humor as a Cynical Commentary on Society Satire is one of the most popular forms of humor. Its fame stems largely from the fact that it can ridicule the cruelest tyrants without the danger of retaliation. The Zairians, for instance, came up with the following joke to criticize the incompetent, corrupt and repressive regime of their former leader Mobutu Sese Seko: Get yourself a leopard hat like the late Zairian President Mobutu wore, as Africans believe that their leaders are untamed lions, tigers or leopards. (p. 29) By turning social issues such as political scandals and state repression of mass media into objects of comedy, the satirical pun also succeeds in convincing apolitical groups to ponder about the real state of their nation. Indeed, in the context of satire, euphemism and laughter are the most effective means of unveiling inconvenient truths. People, after all, will not react negatively to a joke unless they have something to hide. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Worry, Be Happy Humor is likewise an effective method of stabilizing predicaments. Jokes that focus on particular professions validate this observation. The gag below pokes fun at how law enforcers deal with hardened criminals: A local policeman had just finished his shift one cold November evening and was at home with his wife. Ã¢â¬Å"You just wont believe what happened this evening, in all my years on the force Ive never seen anything like it.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Oh yes dear, what happened?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I came across two guys down by the canal, one of them was drinking battery acid and the other was eating fireworks.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Drinking battery acid and eating fireworks! What did you do with them?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Oh that was easy, I charged one and let the other off.Ã¢â¬ (n. pag.) It is very obvious that being a cop is a very dangerous job. Most criminals that cops come across with will not hesitate to use violence just to be able to escape arrest. Getting injured or killed in the line of duty is already a fact of life for a law enforcer. Humor, therefore, allows cops to share common experiences and raise job-related concerns that might not be expressed properly in a more somber setting. In the process, group solidarity is promoted Ã¢â¬â they are able to share a communal relationship by laughing at each other without malice. Furthermore, they get the assurance that they are not alone in their work-related dilemmas (Drew, Mills and Gassaway, 2007). A Funny Welcome Jokes that tackle the norms of a society can actually provide valuable insights on its culture. Norms, after all, reflect what a community considers to be right and wrong. Readers can learn a thing or two about Russian norms and culture in the following joke: The math teacher calls Petya up to the blackboard. Ã¢â¬Å"Imagine that your father has borrowed a hundred rubles from a neighbor,Ã¢â¬ says the teacher, Ã¢â¬Å"and has promised to give the money back in two weeks. The first week he gives back forty rubles. How much would he give back the second week?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"None at all,Ã¢â¬ replies Petya. Ã¢â¬Å"What do you mean, Ã¢â¬Ënone at allÃ¢â¬â¢?Ã¢â¬ the teacher asks, surprised. Ã¢â¬Å"You werent listening properly. Let me repeat: imagine that your father has borrowed a hundred rubles and promised to repay the money in two weeks. The first week he gives back forty rubles. How much would he give back the second week?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"None at all!Ã¢â¬ repeats Petya. Ã¢â¬Å"Oh, Petya,Ã¢â¬ the teacher is annoyed. Ã¢â¬Å"You dont know the simplest arithmetic!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"And you dont know my fatherÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (n. pag.) This gag reveals the communal nature of Russian culture. Centuries of agricultural village life and decades of communist rule instilled in Russians the collective mentality. They are therefore bound by tradition to help one another without expecting anything in return. In Russian culture, in fact, being asked by someone to do a favor for him or her is an indicator that you have a close relationship with him or her. For the Russians, being asked to do a favor for others is a sign of dependability and trustworthiness (Kwintessential, n.d.). Conclusion Humor is more than just a social lubricant that creates a lighter atmosphere between a speaker and an audience. It likewise serves as a venue for people to discuss important concerns in a non-threatening manner. By laughing at each other and at their problems without ill intent, they are able to instill among themselves a sense of unity. Even by just making fun of their predicaments, they are already exerting a collective effort to do something about these. But while laughing at grave matters is good, it is still much better to actually solve them. After the amusement has died down, the hungry still has to be fed, the sick still has to be treated and the criminals have to be made to face their crimes. When people live in a safe and just society, they are happy because really feel so and not because they just want to run away from their problems. In the process, their laughter would be merrier and more genuine.
Saturday, October 26, 2019
In June, French President Jacques Chirac revealed that nuclear tests would be conducted in the Pacific at the Mururoa coral atoll. These tests, Chirac, stated, would consist of eight nuclear explosions in a tunnel 1,800 to 3,000 feet below Mururoa beginning in September up until May 96. Chirac declares that these tests are necessary for computer simulation in the future. France has been bombarded with criticism, not only from environmental activists, but also from political standpoints. Japan and Australia officially protested French experiments and have convinced other Asian and Pacific nations to agree. New Zealand and Chile have recalled their ambassadors from France and the Japanese are presently protesting outside of their French embassy. 56% of the citizens in France polled oppose the tests and 60% want Chirac to reconsider his position. Stung by the criticism, France may cancel one out of the eight scheduled nuclear tests. Even the renowned Jacques Cousteau has publicly asked Chirac to rescind the tests. Cousteau has even resigned from the government agency Council for the Rights of Future Generations, in protest. France, along with the United States and Great Britain, has not signed a treaty completely prohibiting the detonation of any nuclear device in the South Pacific. Many of the protesting nations located in the Pacific have signed and support this treaty . Also, France has not followed the initiative of most of the nations of the developed world in signing a 1971 treaty prohibiting "the emplacement of nuclear weapons ... on the ocean floor and in the subsoil thereof." Besides public and international disapproval, France may suffer other side effects because of the nuclear testing. The explosive power of the blast is just less than 20 kilotons (20,000 tons of TNT). The bomb on Hiroshima was 15 kilotons. New Japanese research shows that bomb radiation increases risk of long term cancer. Radiation causes ionization in the molecules of living cells. The ions formed can react with the atoms in the cell causing damage. Cells that are changed permanently may produce abnormal cells when they divide, perhaps become cancerous. Not only are there health risks, but the French economy just lost a contract to build 40 jets and French goods are being boycotted by a number of nations. Environmental agencies warn of the damage to the life and rock around the blast atoll. Defense Minister Charles Milton said, "Nuclear Tests should not be mixed up with the question of arms and industry contracts. French Nuclear Testing :: essays research papers In June, French President Jacques Chirac revealed that nuclear tests would be conducted in the Pacific at the Mururoa coral atoll. These tests, Chirac, stated, would consist of eight nuclear explosions in a tunnel 1,800 to 3,000 feet below Mururoa beginning in September up until May 96. Chirac declares that these tests are necessary for computer simulation in the future. France has been bombarded with criticism, not only from environmental activists, but also from political standpoints. Japan and Australia officially protested French experiments and have convinced other Asian and Pacific nations to agree. New Zealand and Chile have recalled their ambassadors from France and the Japanese are presently protesting outside of their French embassy. 56% of the citizens in France polled oppose the tests and 60% want Chirac to reconsider his position. Stung by the criticism, France may cancel one out of the eight scheduled nuclear tests. Even the renowned Jacques Cousteau has publicly asked Chirac to rescind the tests. Cousteau has even resigned from the government agency Council for the Rights of Future Generations, in protest. France, along with the United States and Great Britain, has not signed a treaty completely prohibiting the detonation of any nuclear device in the South Pacific. Many of the protesting nations located in the Pacific have signed and support this treaty . Also, France has not followed the initiative of most of the nations of the developed world in signing a 1971 treaty prohibiting "the emplacement of nuclear weapons ... on the ocean floor and in the subsoil thereof." Besides public and international disapproval, France may suffer other side effects because of the nuclear testing. The explosive power of the blast is just less than 20 kilotons (20,000 tons of TNT). The bomb on Hiroshima was 15 kilotons. New Japanese research shows that bomb radiation increases risk of long term cancer. Radiation causes ionization in the molecules of living cells. The ions formed can react with the atoms in the cell causing damage. Cells that are changed permanently may produce abnormal cells when they divide, perhaps become cancerous. Not only are there health risks, but the French economy just lost a contract to build 40 jets and French goods are being boycotted by a number of nations. Environmental agencies warn of the damage to the life and rock around the blast atoll. Defense Minister Charles Milton said, "Nuclear Tests should not be mixed up with the question of arms and industry contracts.
Thursday, October 24, 2019
Education is a vital process that enables pupils and students to acquire knowledge and skills that can earn them a living and a respectable life. Within most education systems are measures such as user charges and cost recovery. These measures are put forward so as to improve the quality of education. In Sub-Saharan Africa countries, the user charges and cost recovery measures have been criticised by some people on equity grounds although within the same region other people have defended the measures based on the same grounds. This essay therefore, intends to identify and discuss the various dimensions of user charges and cost recovery measures in education as well as to propose an alternative for user charges and other cost recovery measures in the Zambian education system. In order to have a wider understanding of this essay, the key words that are frequently appearing should be defined. According to (Jiminez, 1987) user charges are defined as a fee for service or a direct charge for the provision of a good or service by the Government in an open market while cost recovery is the regain of the costs of government-provided or funded products, services or activities that, at least in part, provide private benefits to individuals, entities or groups, or reflect the costs their actions impose. User charges fall within the broader concept of cost sharing which involves the contributions from users towards the cost of the particular service that they benefit from such as education, health and water (Terme, 2002). Cost sharing takes a wide range of forms such as direct charges and indirect charges. Examples of direct charges in education are charging fees for tuition and for school writing materials while the indirect charges include in kind contributions such as maintenance, construction and furniture. Such in kind contributions must equate to the official fees of the services provided. User charges however, are direct charges or fees which in the education system may include PTA funds which the school can use for the construction of ablution blocks and class room blocks. Examples of user charges in public offices include fee for a copy of a marriage, birth or death certificate. Cost recovery measures may include the products, services and different activities such as: recreational services; minerals and petroleum services; registration and licensing activities that the government offers to people that have costs (Lockheed and Verspoor, 1990). These costs can be recovered by either the users or other people who benefit from goods, services or activities. They can also be recovered from taxpayers. The education systems such as colleges offer teaching programs to students, the students benefit from such programs by acquiring skills and knowledge for teaching in other government or private schools. Since colleges have to buy chemicals for school laboratories, they also have to provide internet services, white board makers and other educational activities. The colleges have to find other ways of recovering such costs so as to maintain quality in their services. This is usually done by imposing tuition fees for all students, charging boarding fees, book fees as well as internet fees. The resources acquired from user charges and cost recovery measures are said to be equitably distributed to all sectors of economy. Equity is the fairness, justice in the distribution of resources (Kelly, 1999). This concept is normative in nature meaning that it involves the distribution of resources to different areas according to the amount needed and not on equal basis. It is also concerned with the patterns in which cost and benefits are being distributed among different areas of a society. To achieve equity in an area, resources as well as benefits must be distributed unequally that is more to the poor and less to the rich. An action like this should be done because the poor lack sources for income as well as protection hence providing less funds for their schools than the rich. This indicates that most of the poor people largely depend on different resources from the government in order to earn a living. User charges and cost recovery measures in the Sub-Saharan countries are seen by some people to be promoting equity in the education system because they improve the way resources are allocated in all the education institutions (World Bank Policy Research Report, 2001). User charges and cost recovery measures also lead to the effective contribution of resources. This in schools is usually achieved when the value that users place on educational services equal the cost of resources used up in the production of those services. Pupils as well as parents tend to value education, by so doing they put pressure on the school, teachers and the stuff to maintain quality. This increases accountability of education institutions hence the easy detection of problems to do with learning. Accountability in education enhances equity. The proper functioning of the user charges and cost recovery results into meeting and maintain the resource requirements for the education system. In situations when the government is not incapable of providing needed resources the school from the user fees can generate its own needed resources and solve any problem at hand. User charges often ensure the provision of quality leaning through the provision of books and other important learning materials, improved school planning and management, better utilization of teaching staff and reduced unit cost in construction for those who enroll. The vulnerable groups of society can also enroll by paying fees through in kind contribution to the construction of the school and even maintenance of school materials. Therefore, the equity benefits in this instance results from the use of resources in ways that benefit the poorest. Such benefits manifest through improvements in the provision of education in rural areas as well quality of educational services. User charges and cost benefits in the Sub-Saharan countries have been criticised because the vulnerable groups in such societies have been found not to be benefiting from the resources that are said to be distributed on equity. According to (Kelly, 1999) disadvantaged groups of society comprise of the poor, people that are handicapped, the girls or females and those that live in rural areas. With the user charges in the system, children from the poor families may not enroll because these families will have to look at how they will make indirect costs such as transportation, school meals, school provisions and sports as well as direct costs such as school fees and boarding fees. Besides that poor children also lack personal material and are unable to buy materials that are sold at school. With high levels of poverty children cannot be allowed to go to school because they are a source of income in their families especially in areas of farm work and selling. Those that are allowed to go to school usually go on empty stomachs. This affects them negatively in academic performance thus causing inefficiencies in the school system. In addition the school curriculum as well as the culture of learning act as barriers in the educational endeavors of these children because it is too advanced for them to understand and does not relate to their everyday activities. The other dimension is that this type of educational provision does not encompass areas such as rural areas. Education provision in rural areas is poorer than in urban areas (Central Statistics Office, 1997), because most of the teachers sent to teach in these areas are untrained, this in turn leads to poor quality in education; the school buildings and sanitation are so poor such that pupils get less motivated to attend lessons; materials and other supplies are not adequately distributed hence preventing pupils from acquiring the necessary knowledge and skills. The fairness, justification as well as the treatment of all people according to their needs that is said to be an outcome of user charges and cost recovery measures is seen not to apply in such cases. The other dimension that equity distribution does not cater for is that of the handicapped. One of the major problem in this area is lack of accurate information on the number of children with special educational needs (Central Statistics Office, 1994) the second one is the attitude of society to education of people with special needs. Some parents feel ashamed of themselves of having disabled children hence not sending them to school. Education for these children is not provided fully because even if they enroll they do not receive all the facilities they need for quality learning. In the gender dimension, the gender-based constraints to education tend to be more pronounced in rural areas (Psacharopoulos and Woodhall, 1985). This is due to the fact that the environment is normally more accommodative of gender inequality. Rural areas display strict traditional cultural values, attitudes and practices, such practices are harmful to girls education for they encourage early marriage, abduction, genital mutilation, sexual violence, excessive domestic chores, male superiority and domination of women are tolerated and encouraged by the community both inside and outside the school and with the user charges imposed, parents will opt to sending male children to school than female ones. Alternative justification for user charges and cost recovery measures in the Zambian education system must involve the participation of the poor; people that stay in the rural areas; the handicapped, the girls and other vulnerable people in society. According to (Carmody, 2004) the Zambia education system has been faced with severe constraints in items of finance. This can be solved by the increase in the sector funding by the government and the private sector. Increased funding in a particular sector increases financial resources. The increased financial resource can be used for the construction of educational facilities for handicapped children as well as building new and better schools in the rural areas. Such resources can also be used for sponsoring the education of children from the poor families in education. This can change the face of education in Zambia if it is effectively implemented. In conclusion, user charges and cost recovery in the Sub-Saharan countries cannot alone bring about equity in the distribution of resources in entire society because such countries are still developing. This means that the presence of a large number of poor people in these countries tends to bring about such irregularities. Therefore, in order for the vulnerable to be fully incorporated into the education system, there would be need for assistance in the form of funding by the government and the private sector. These should also be involved in the provision resources and the running of education system in order for them to counter check the progress of education of the people being sponsored as well as the people sponsoring themselves.
Wednesday, October 23, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"Globalization in a BottleÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Tipping PointÃ¢â¬â Three Rules of EpidemicsÃ¢â¬ Chapter 1 Basic Concepts Essay Question: How do the two articles relate to Chapter One: Basic Concepts through cultural diffusion, the limitation of spatial interaction, and space-time compression? Whilst reading Ã¢â¬Å"Globalization in a BottleÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Tipping PointÃ¢â¬â Three Rules of EpidemicsÃ¢â¬ three key concepts of Ã¢â¬Å"Chapter One: Basic ConceptsÃ¢â¬ become inherently apparent: cultural diffusion, the limitation of spatial interaction, and space-time compression. The two articles clearly depict these three theories, through their choice use of real world examples. In each of these articles, cultural diffusion is a steady theme throughout. World War II marked the diffusion of Coca-Cola on a global scale, as stated in Ã¢â¬Å"Globalization in a Bottle.Ã¢â¬ The physical movement of soldiers from the US to other parts of the globe facilitated the spread and globalization of the drink and furthermore the brand name. When soldiers were shipped off to foreign lands so was Coca-Cola, and so it became a universal term. This action of spreading an idea through movement earns this incident a spot under the category of relocation diffusion. In Ã¢â¬Å"The Tipping PointÃ¢â¬â Three Rules of EpidemicsÃ¢â¬ hush-puppies become popular once more through contagious diffusion, a subcategory of expansion diffusion, meaning an idea spread through rapid and widespread contact. The origin of this so-called Ã¢â¬Å"epidemicÃ¢â¬ is believed to have originated among the urban Ã¢â¬Å"hipstersÃ¢â¬ of downtown Manhattan. These young trendsetters would go out to clubs or just simply be seen wearing these shoes and suddenly everyone wanted a pair. Diffusion is a large concept covered throughout these articles. Another underlying idea covered in the extent of the two articles is the limitation of spatial interactionÃ¢â¬âthe interaction of people whether through physical contact or by other means of communication. In Ã¢â¬Å"Globalization in a BottleÃ¢â¬ this is covered by the resistance of theÃ numerous other countries to building more Coca-Cola processing plants in their territory. Many nations looked at the company as a way to spread Americas demoralizing traditions, therefore they refused to allow Coca-Cola to initially be diffused into their cultures. In Ã¢â¬Å"The Tipping PointÃ¢â¬â Three Rules of EpidemicsÃ¢â¬ the author writes about the sexu al promiscuity of homosexual men and their so called aid in the spread of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. In turn, this Ã¢â¬Å"lewdnessÃ¢â¬ has led members of society with different sexual orientations to look at the gay community as a negative aspect of modern humanity, impeding spatial interaction between the two. One final concept embedded in the two articles is space-time compression, which is the reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems. Due to the advancements in transportation, the soldiers of World War II were able to transport, and therefore facilitate the diffusion of, Coca-Cola. The same is seen with the newfound demand of hush puppies through word-of-mouth with the upgrades in communication. Overall, both articles clearly portray a society in which space-time compression is fully functioning. In conclusion, Ã¢â¬Å"Globalization in a BottleÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Tipping PointÃ¢â¬â Three Rules of EpidemicsÃ¢â¬ are both distinctly ingrained with the theories of cultural diffu sion, limitations of spatial interaction, and space-time compression. The articles utilise great examples of the three ideas and truly give them meaning.